الكلية: كلية الطب البيطري - قسم العلوم الطبيه البيطريه الأساسيه
الجهه البحثية: جامعة العلوم و التكنولوجيا الأردنية
الباحث/ين المشارك/ين: د.صدام العوايشة
عنوان البحث المنشور: Sulfamethazine contamination level and exposure assessment in domestic and imported poultry meats in Jordan
سنه النشر: 2019
ملخص البحث المنشور:
Background and Aim: Sulfamethazine (SMZ) is an important and widely used antibiotic in poultry industry due to its high efficacy in fighting diseases and promoting growth. In addition, SMZ is a possible human carcinogen and has been found in many food types including poultry meat. Accordingly, this study aimed to survey the contamination level and estimated daily intake (EDI) of SMZ in domestic and imported poultry meat samples in Jordan. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 samples; 60, 30, and 30 of fresh and frozen domestic and frozen imported poultry samples, respectively, were collected from different cities in Jordan. Poultry samples were analyzed for SMZ incidence rate and contamination level using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. EDI values were calculated from the SMZ concentration, average poultry daily consumption rate, and adult body weight (b.w.). Results: Of the 120 surveyed samples, 20 samples (16.7%) were SMZ violative positive and exceeded the European Union maximum limit (100 µg/kg) and accordingly were unfit for human consumption. Whereas, 51 samples (42.5%) were with SMZ concentrations of 10-100 µg/kg. The average SMZ concentration was 235.58 µg/kg, with a range of 11.47-800 µg/kg poultry meat. It is also noteworthy the high EDI of SMZ by Jordanian adults, 0.286 µg SMZ/kg b.w./day. Moreover, results prevailed that the highest SMZ incidence rate and contamination level were for imported poultry samples followed by domestic poultry samples, which may indicate that SMZ contamination in poultry meat is an international issue. Conclusion: The current study prevailed high SMZ incidence rate, contamination level, and EDI values, which is likely due to indiscriminate use of SMZ in poultry production. Results also prevailed the high risk that consumers in Jordan may expose due to SMZ residues. Therefore, more strict program and good agricultural practices should be applied to monitor antibiotic withdrawal periods in animals used for human consumption to ensure the legal residue requirements of these antibiotics.
رابط البحث المنشور: http://www.veterinaryworld.org/Vol.12/December-2019/16.html